Spices & Condiments

Introduction & Global Overview

According to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the world production of spices increased from 1.15 million tonnes in 1993 to 2.10 tonnes in 2012.
Asia is the largest producer of spices with India, Bangaldesh, China and Turkey being the leading producing countries
Tropical spices include black pepper, chilli peppers, cardamom, cloves, cinnamon and nutmeg, Jamaican pepper, turmeric and vanilla. On the other hand, examples of Mediterranean spices include aniseed, saffron, cumin and fenugreek. Some, like ginger and coriander, adapt to both tropical and Mediterranean climates.
India Scenario
Largest producer, consumer and exporter of spices13
Contributes to ~70% of global
production
India, also known as the ‘land of spices’, grows 75 spices out of the 109 types listed by the ISO
Spices are grown in almost all states of the country

Production

Spices Production in India
(Tonnes)

Statewise Production (Tonnes)15

Production (MT)

  • Pepper
  • Karnataka26000
  • Kerala5000
  • Tamil Nadu7000
  • Chilli
  • Andhra Pradesh761000
  • Karnataka107000
  • West Bengal100000
  • Coriander Seed
  • Rajasthan300000
  • Madhya Pradesh82000
  • Gujarat49500
  • Cardamom
  • Sikkim3483
  • West Bengal662
  • Ginger
  • Orissa35000
  • Assam136825
  • Karnataka57799
  • Cumin Seed
  • Gujarat283302
  • Rajasthan111000
  • Fennel Seed
  • Rajasthan57941
  • Gujarat84070
  • Uttar Pradesh765
  • Fenugreek Seed
  • Rajasthan87382
  • Gujarat13959
  • Haryana8702
  • Garlic
  • Madhya Pradesh270000
  • Gujarat277455
  • Rajasthan235979
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